How to prevent the FLU

Coming cold season is a traditional time of growth in the incidence of ARI and INFLUENZA.

Flu – acute respiratory viral infection that has a worldwide distribution, affects all age group people.

the Flu and SARS are 95% of all infectious diseases.

How do you get infected?

Getting on the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, the virus is introduced in their epithelial cells, enters the bloodstream and causes intoxication. The conditions for activation of other types of bacteria, and penetrate from the outside, the new bacteria that cause secondary infection – pneumonia, bronchitis, otitis, aggravation of chronic diseases can affect the heart, joints.

Who is the source of the infection?

the Only source and distributor of infection is a sick person. The main way of the spread of flu viruses from person to person is droplet infection when talking, coughing, sneezing. The spread of influenza viruses may occur and contact-household by failure to comply with the sick person and the surrounding individuals the rules of personal hygiene, including the use of care items (towel, handkerchiefs, utensils, etc.), not subjected to treatment and disinfection. It must be remembered that the infection is easily transmitted through dirty hands. Special observations have shown that the hands up to 300 times contact with discharge from nose and eyes, with saliva. When shaking hands, using doorknobs, and other objects moving on the hands healthy and thence to him in the nose, eyes, mouth.

what is the flu?

In typical cases the disease begins abruptly: fever up to 38-40 degrees, there is a fever, severe headache, dizziness, pain in the eyeballs and muscles, watery eyes, and pain in the eyes.

What to do if you got sick?

At the first symptoms should consult a doctor. Rest and follow all the doctor's recommendations. Self-treatment for the flu is unacceptable. Indeed, to predict the course of influenza is impossible, and complications can be very different.


the Most effective means in preventing influenza is vaccination. The vaccine everyone needs people who care about their health and the health of others. 70-80% of Teens were vaccinated employees in the team create immune layer, which protects against flu. Timely vaccination reduces the incidence of influenza several times, softens the disease, shorten its duration, prevent complications. A flu shot is best done in October-November, when the epidemic had not yet begun. The immune system is produced in about 2 weeks. Vaccinating during the epidemic also effective, however, in the period before the development of immunity (7-15 days after vaccination) should be prevented by other means.

it Must be remembered that any drug in the treatment of flu side effects, which are not comparable to the allowable reactions to the vaccine. In addition, prophylactic antiviral medication must be taken during the whole period of the epidemic that prolonged use reduces their effectiveness and contributes to the formation of resistant forms of the virus.

  • it is Recommended to increase the protective forces of the body: physical exercise, eat right, on time and to get enough rest, take vitamin-mineral complexes.
  • Regularly and carefully to wash hands with soap and water, especially after coughing or sneezing. Alcohol for cleaning hands also effective.
  • Avoid touching your hands to your nose and mouth. The infection spreads in this way.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable handkerchief when sneezing or coughing. After use throw the handkerchief into the wastebasket.
  • Use individual or disposable towels.
  • try to avoid close contact with people with flu-like symptoms (possible to keep them at a distance of approximately 1 meter).
  • Regularly ventilate the room, do wet cleaning.
  • how to avoid hypothermia and overheating.
  • During an epidemic of influenza and SARS, it is not recommended to use public transport and walk-in guests.
  • in the flu and colds, stay home, call a physician. To avoid possible contact with other family members, wear a medical mask, follow the rules of personal hygiene. It is necessary not to infect others or spread any viral infection.

it Should be remembered that the observance of all the measures of prevention will protect against flu and its adverse effects.